Penn State Premed Reddit

Colleges With Good Pre Med Programs Degree with a pre-med biomedical option. 8317 Fax: 215. Saturday evening at the annual President's New Student Convocation, University Park Undergraduate Association (UPUA) President Cody Heaton welcomed the incoming Class of 2022 to Penn State. Study Smarter, Not Harder. 125 Alex Thomsen DEC Brandon Meredith, SV-1, 3-1; Nebraska, 3-0. What Can I Do with a Pre-Med Degree? A degree in pre-med is designed to prepare you for medical school, but that doesn't mean you have to be a doctor. Following a three-month comprehensive planning process, Penn State officials have determined that the University can meet or exceed the Pennsylvania Department of Education’s guidelines for colleges and universities, and look forward to welcoming back faculty, staff and students to resume on-campus, in-person classes and other activities this. The awarded credit may apply as general credit, may count as credit for a particular course and/or requirement, or may allow you to advance to the next in a series of courses or take an honors-level course. They will help put you on the right path. Complete the Self Reported Academic Record The required resume and letter of recommendation can be mailed, emailed or faxed to Penn State Undergraduate Admissions, 201 Shields Building, University Park, PA 16802-1294, [email protected] Transfer applicants are evaluated on a rolling admissions basis. Find out your chances of getting into each medical school as a Latino medical school applicant. - same price as Penn - not really sure what the residency merger will do to DO students (I'm very interested in anesthesiology) - rotation sites seem very shaky. Penn researchers, led by Michael Mitchell, Skirkanich Assistant Professor of Innovation of Bioengineering in the School of Engineering and Applied Science and Margaret Billingsley, a graduate student in his lab, have demonstrated a new engineering technique that, because it is less toxic to the T cells, could. 75+ and SAT or ACT scores of 1410 - 1510 or 31 - 34. Phone: 814-863-1033. Discover NC State, a leading public research university located in Raleigh, North Carolina. The minimum high school requirements for Penn State admission are outlined below. Extracurricular activities: 4 years TKD and Aikido Clubs (leadership positions in both), member of minority pre-med club, inducted Psi Chi Employment history: 3 semesters STEM tutor, 4 semesters computer lab user assistant; Gap years: nearly 3 years working in private education teaching kids with learning difficulties and/or disabilities to. Both majors’ Medical College Admission Test scores are reported under one heading, biological sciences; for matriculating med school students in 2012, the biological sciences had a mean total MCAT score of 31, which is above average. The Biomedical Engineering Program has introduced a number of curricula revisions that are in effect for all students who started at Penn State in Summer 2018 or later. A premed advisor put together a list of 34 MD schools and 3 DO schools and looked at whether they take a student’s highest MCAT score or a student’s most recent MCAT score. Pig blood, nudity, the works. Edward Chang. The Unsolved Murder of Betsy Aardsma. At the Emory School of Medicine, we're challenging the conventions of traditional care and reshaping how medicine is practiced About Us. Choose from accredited B. Up-to-date premed information for University of Pennsylvania which is ranked as one of the top 75 Premed MD & DO feeder schools for the 2018-2020 application cycles by MedEdits Medical Admissions. First-year baccalaureate students entering Penn State should consult their academic adviser for these requirements. Students who started at Penn State before Summer 2018 are under the rules of the previous program. Nevertheless, Pitt has its own little corner of the Reddit community to call its own, where nerdy students can come […]. What is Premedical-Medical?. But you have to be very shrewd when deciding which program is. On top of his excellent season on the field for Penn State, which includes a pair of Big Ten special teams player of the week awards and 24 punts downed inside the opponent’s 20-yard line, Gillikin is one of, if not the best, students on the team. We won't just learn WHAT is inside your body, but. These courses are described in the Penn State Law Courses section and Dickinson Law Courses section. ) degree program at BCCC will be admitted into a Bachelor's degree program at PS Abington or other program leading. - same price as Penn - not really sure what the residency merger will do to DO students (I'm very interested in anesthesiology) - rotation sites seem very shaky. Nyu stats reddit Nyu stats reddit. All the while, I would be actively building on my high school extracurricular experience at Penn. Theyre for class entering fall 2018. Earning a respected, accredited master's degree online from Penn State, a nationally-recognized institution, can benefit your career and professional advancement. The University of Delaware is a diverse institution of higher learning, fostering excellence in research. It includes metrics for course difficulty and quality, professor quality, and more. Best Pre Med Colleges & Boston College Pre Med Acceptance Rate. To help guide our students in the job-seeking process, the Penn State Law Career Services Office is available from day one to work with our students one-on-one to craft an individualized approach to help them gain a foothold in the city and practice area of their choice. Siberian Larch, taken at our field site near Lake Khovsgol in north-central Mongolia. University of Rochester School of Medicine. Learn how the top colleges can help you get into medical school. COVID-19 Update: For the health and safety of our prospective students and our Penn alumni interviewers, all admissions interviews will be hosted in a virtual format for the 2020-2021 application process. This list is current as of May 27. Up-to-date information for The Ohio State University Premed which is ranked as one of the top 75 Premed MD & DO feeder schools for the 2018-2020 application cycles by MedEdits Medical Admissions. All of which are substantially higher than the national avg of 40%. Nyu stats reddit Nyu stats reddit. Larix siberica. Which college is best for Pre-med/Biology I am a transfer from PA. The Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies (CAMS) is the hub at Penn State for the study of the ancient Mediterranean world. A Message from the Department Head Our department offers a rich variety of opportunities and resources. Learn more about some of these. Accelerated Premedical-Medical Program (BS/MD) Earn a BS and an MD in 7 years. Distinguish yourself with a respected and recognized bachelor's degree from Penn State World Campus. Once upon a time, I was a young freshman who had just arrived at Yale. Become a Penn Pre Med. Zahra Fakhraai Graduate Chair. Its instructional mission includes undergraduate, graduate, professional and continuing education offered through resident. In order to help you boost your GPA, OneClass has compiled a list of 10 of the easiest classes at Penn State. 4 based on 41 Reviews "Altius really changed the way that I approached taking the MCAT. Facilities include the Psychological Clinic, the Child Study Center, and numerous research laboratories. Press J to jump to the feed. The list outlines the exact course credit you will receive at Penn State for the score received on the exam. The Semester-by-Semester Worksheet provides a framework for your customized plan. Penn State Nittany Lion Battalion Penn State Army ROTC Cadets participated in a Field Training Exercise Sept. Ground was broken in 1966 and Penn State's College of Medicine opened its doors to the first class of. Home; Post Baccalaureate Pre-Medical Program; Complete Your Post Bacc Studies in One Year and Go to Medical School. Top 20 Best Pre-Med Schools: Now that we’ve highlighed why you should consider going into pre-med based on the healthcare industry’s massive growth over the next decade, how you should prepare yourself for pre-med opportunities, what pre-med programs look for in students, and what makes a good pre-med program — we have highlighted the. - same price as Penn - not really sure what the residency merger will do to DO students (I'm very interested in anesthesiology) - rotation sites seem very shaky. Education Find a Program. , adjacent to Penn State Health Milton S. He was a former district manager for Pepsi-Cola Co. With its flagship campus in West Lafayette, Indiana, Purdue is a land-grant university with a system that has statewide campuses and online, adult-learning and polytechnic programs. Hi fellow non-Americans,As noncitizens, we face greater difficulty than. The Department of Philosophy at Ohio State affirms its support of the local and global protests against police brutality, systemic racism, and the killing of Black Americans. A Function of Personality. When researching these programs, make sure to consider any financial implications that may impact your present and future situation. Portland State University Pre-Medical Course List Based on courses commonly required and recommended by medical schools, PSU recommends the courses listed below as a solid foundation for pre-medical students; successful completion of this course list will result in fulfillment of the prerequisites at many medical schools. Reddit Premed Essay Help, why i want a scholarship essay, why scarcity is important in economics essay, essay on personal narrative. Bows and Toes “We would be berated and asked seemingly endless questions about our fraternity history…all while balancing on our elbows and toes. The University of Virginia Post Baccalaureate Pre-Medical Program offers a collaborative environment and structured experience for career-changers with a strong undergraduate record who have not completed the medical school prerequisites. premed) submitted 2 years ago by MCATboner69 Struggling a bit with the "tell us about a time you had to navigate a complex system" question. Bows and Toes “We would be berated and asked seemingly endless questions about our fraternity history…all while balancing on our elbows and toes. Tiffany went to the College of Arts and Sciences, by the way. (The algorithm that selects files for human readers doesn't even factor major or college). Find out your chances of getting into each medical school as a Latino medical school applicant. Penn State offers hundreds of courses online every summer. The Perelman School of Medicine enjoys an international reputation for innovation in areas ranging from leadership training to global health. In some ways, Robiskie is a forgotten great of LSU football. Once upon a time, I was a young freshman who had just arrived at Yale. The Office of the University Registrar supports students and departments during registration, reserves classrooms for courses and academic events, schedules final exams, records and reports enrollment and final grades, certifies attendance, manages Veterans Affairs Educational Benefits, issues transcripts, and verifies graduation and degrees. Below are 15 of the worst frat hazing stories on Reddit and the internet. This is an opportunity for Penn to learn a little more about you, and for you to learn a little more about Penn. You can earn a professional or liberal arts graduate certificate online or on campus. Alumni Weekend Alumni Weekend brings together Penn's most enduring traditions with the innovative ideas of its leading scholars and alumni. Its instructional mission includes undergraduate, graduate, professional and continuing education offered through resident. For our 28th edition, we surveyed 140,000 students from across the country so we can tell you which college has the best food, best career services, happiest students, and more. CollegeData helps you conduct a college search, qualify for college admission, predict admission chances, calculate financial aid, calculate EFC, calculate college costs and net price, and find financial aid. After some standard introductions we all decided to meet up to tackle the Blue Book (Yale's enormous course catalog) as a group. They chose 5 people per year for this and then you would not have to take the mcat. • Oregon State University: Post-bacc Pre-med Program. This is literally a course on the design and operation of nuclear reactors. Because Penn State's tuition rates vary by campus, student level, program, and residency, the student tuition calculator provides specific tuition rates. The Penn State Eberly College of Science's Health Professions Advising Office is an additional resource for information about the application process. There are two introductory physics sequences, and students should select the one that is the best fit with their intended major and profession. Some courses are considered easy and are usually taken as electives. Below is information on how and when to register for courses, and what classes are available. Penn State's College of Information Sciences and Technology offers a small school community with the resources of a world-class university. State of the Art Research. The Semester-by-Semester Worksheet provides a framework for your customized plan. What are Post Baccalaureate and Special Masters Programs? Post-baccalaureate programs are typically designed for students who already have a bachelors degree in a non-science field and wish to take or retake the prerequisites courses required for their intended professional school (Medical, Pharmacy, Optometry, etc. Common Course Numbers The following course numbers for which students may register have been set up for common use by major programs, with University Senate approval, to encourage innovation and provide flexibility in designing programs, but in. Some of the best pre-med schools in the country offer quality advising for pre-health students and related experiences to help prepare students for medical school. The Department of Computer and Information Science (CIS) at Penn Engineering is uniquely positioned to propel future intellectual leaders, entrepreneurs, thinkers and innovators to success. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is a leading national research university and the state of New Jersey’s preeminent, comprehensive public institution of higher education. Note that this means using MSAR values released on 2019. The reported Penn State net price for in-state students is $25,346* for the 2014/2015 academic year. 4 based on 41 Reviews "Altius really changed the way that I approached taking the MCAT. She walked to the library around 4pm with her roommate, Sharon. Plenty of kids fail. The recent winner of the International Children's Peace Prize, Gupta is continuing her work with Empower Orphans here on campus in addition to other initiatives. MYOS1634 43190 replies 471 threads Senior Member. edu Hours 8:30AM - 4:30PM EST, M-F. Use the summer as the time for trying on different hats within the health services fields to see what fits you best. edu Hours 8:30AM - 4:30PM EST, M-F. This tradition of active pragmatism, articulated in Franklin’s maxim “well-done is better than well-said,” lives today through the inclusive policies, innovative work, and impactful engagement of our faculty, students, and staff. Admissions Rate: 49. ) and are available to assist Scholars with any questions or concerns. Participants will be working directly with prescription and over-the-counter drug users to evaluate. Students who started at Penn State before Summer 2018 are under the rules of the previous program. 4%, admission to Penn is very competitive. Based on our analysis, to have a good chance of being admitted, you need to have a GPA of 3. Northwestern also offers a post baccalaureate certificate pre-medicine program for students who earned a four year degree, but still need to take classes to meet the science admission requirements for medical school. Engineering Advising Center. edu or call (814) 863-2635 if you need assistance. Penn State | College of Academic Plans for Premed Students Entering Before Summer 2018 Biomedical Engineering Premed with Biochemical Option. Penn State Coronavirus Updates ×. Purdue University is a world-renowned, public research university that advances discoveries in science, technology, engineering and math. Penn State is without a doubt a football school. Penn State College of Medicine offers 10-week summer research programs for undergraduate college students interested in pursuing careers in biomedical sciences research. Become a Penn Pre Med. We won't just learn WHAT is inside your body, but. The official athletics website for the Penn State University Nittany Lions. In his speech, Heaton called upon the Class of 2022 to challenge themselves every day, as well as hold each other accountable as a class. Penn InTouch is normally available 24/7 except to allow for system maintenance between 3:00 AM and 6:00 AM on Mondays. This definitive list of BA/MD and BS/MD programs (also known as Joint-Degree, Direct Medical, and Guaranteed Medical Admission programs) has been updated for the 2018 application cycle. Nevertheless, Pitt has its own little corner of the Reddit community to call its own, where nerdy students can come […]. Franklin has plenty of reasons to think highly of his star punter. The Department of Philosophy at Ohio State affirms its support of the local and global protests against police brutality, systemic racism, and the killing of Black Americans. @strawtree - can you link the thread that you got this information from cuz I highly doubt that it is true. We are analyzing tree-ring width and stable isotopes of the tree rings to reconstruct climate, and Larch responses to climate change, over the past century as the temperature in Mongolia has risen. The pre-med student has won numerous academic achievement awards during his football career, including the Big Ten Distinguished Scholar Award, first-team academic All-American, and the Evan Pugh Scholar Award, among others. The official Men's Lacrosse page for the Penn State University Nittany Lions. A Guide to Postbac Premed Programs: Another Route to Med School If you’ve thought about applying to medical school but weren’t sure whether this was an option at this point in your education, learn from an expert how a postbac premed program may help you get there. A while back I was confronted with a similar problem. While pre-med isn't exactly a major, many universities offer a track that'll prepare you for med school. Penn State - MD school - Same price as VCOM even though I would be out of state - closer to home - only have to take USMLE - Pass/Fail - no attendance requirement. The Palmer Museum of Art at Penn State has announced a full slate of engaging virtual programs for the summer. Public Health Service, the University built a medical school, teaching hospital, and research center. A Function of Personality. Ranked as the best nursing school in the world, Penn Nursing advances the entire profession, from research & education to practice & policy. Other Penn State colleges and campuses may require the First-Year Seminar; colleges and campuses that do not require a First-Year Seminar provide students with a first-year engagement experience. First-year baccalaureate students entering Penn State should consult their academic adviser for these requirements. Biases in Ranking the Best 25 Colleges for Pre-Meds. I'm curious about the Pre-Med Program at Penn State. Summer Undergraduate Research Programs. Students are urged to contact the Yale Premedical Advisory Program (1 Hillhouse Ave. It depends on what you are looking for. Penn State freshman Neha Gupta has had quite a year, but she finds her altruism far from over. The six-module MD curriculum integrates basic sciences and clinical experience from day one. All medical school programs require a specified set of prerequisite coursework that is offered at Penn State Behrend. Phone: 212-998-5300. With an acceptance rate of 9. help Reddit App Reddit coins Reddit premium Reddit gifts. Abington Jefferson Health has offered a Pre-Med Program since 1959. The Premed Volunteer Program at Pennsylvania Hospital provides an opportunity to those on a career path to the medical field an opportunity to gain valuable hospital experience and exposure to medicine at a premiere institution. Penn State College of Medicine. Join us for our first-ever Penn State Pre-Med Academy for high school students! Note: The first full day of camp is Monday, July 29th, but all campers will check in for an opening ceremony the evening of Sunday, July 28th. Sathyaprakash, Cody Messick, and the Penn State LIGO team for contributing in a seminal way to the major discovery in 2015 and the subsequent recognition by the Nobel prize committee. Premed students majoring in MB&B must be aware of how medical schools will treat their AP credit. Clermont earned her Dr. Franklin has plenty of reasons to think highly of his star punter. In the Penn-specific essay, be precise when explaining both why you are applying to Penn and why you have chosen to apply to that specific undergraduate school. Become a Penn State Pre Med. University of. The Pre-Med Health Scholar Program is a very small population of students compared to our traditional pre-med track. University of Maryland - Baltimore, Md. idk to count that towards gpa but its. Penn State | College of Academic Plans for Premed Students Entering Before Summer 2018 Biomedical Engineering Premed with Medical Imaging and Devices Option. Study Smarter, Not Harder. For those of you that were Pre-Med, what are some helpful Biology courses, aside from the 220-230-240W sequence, that will prepare me for the MCAT? Penn State's subreddit: Reddit's frontpage for all things Nittany Lions. Here are University of Maryland School of Medicine's secondary questions. Tour our state-of-the-art facilities Hear presentations on topics including global health, community service, dual-degree programs, and the curriculum Engage with our current students, faculty, and staff to experience the collaborative culture and community at UT Southwestern Medical School. Building a Better World Since 1882 Virginia State University, founded in 1882, is one of Virginia's two land-grant institutions, and is located 20 minutes south of Richmond in the village of Ettrick. Total DO Applicants, 2017 - 2018 = -. It is important to understand the costs associated with going abroad, opportunities for funding, and how to create a realistic budget. NUC E 431W: Nuclear Reactor Core Design Synthesis. Through these institutions and organizations, the AAMC serves the leaders of America’s medical schools and teaching hospitals and their more than 173,000 full-time faculty members, 89,000 medical students, 129,000 resident physicians, and more than 60,000 graduate students and postdoctoral researchers in the biomedical sciences. In order to register as an official club at Penn State, they had to write up a constitution, set positions, find a room for meetings, recruit members (you need at least 10 people. Overall, though, current data seems to indicate that Penn and UChicago are pretty comparable for pre-med. Other Penn State colleges and campuses may require the First-Year Seminar; colleges and campuses that do not require a First-Year Seminar provide students with a first-year engagement experience. The best pre-med schools in the United States tend to be large comprehensive universities with their own medical schools and close proximity to teaching and research hospitals. Find out your chances of getting into each medical school as a Latino medical school applicant. The Penn State-Jefferson Premedical-Medical (PMM) Program began in 1963 as an accelerated five-year program with one year (plus four summers) of undergraduate study at Penn State and four years of study at the Sidney Kimmel Medical College (SKMC) College of Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. These courses have been approved as General Education Humanities courses. The University of Iowa offers a pre-health sciences designation (also known as "pre-med") for undergraduate students that provides specialized advising and course work in preparation for. , or Canadian college or university. Primary verification date: Idk sometime middle of June, a. We remain open and are available to answer any questions you may have. Application Information for Transfer Students. Congratulations to Prof. State of the Art Research. You also have the opportunity to complete the first two years of more than 275+ baccalaureate degree programs offered by Penn State. 34 Street Philadelphia, PA 19104-6323. The Penn State College of Medicine is part of one of the leading academic medical centers in the country. - same price as Penn - not really sure what the residency merger will do to DO students (I'm very interested in anesthesiology) - rotation sites seem very shaky. Hispanic Medical School Entry statistics and data. Larix siberica. Note that this means using MSAR values released on 2019. The Pre-Health Program in the Morrissey College of Arts and Sciences is an open program for all students in every major program of study at Boston College. Please contact us at [email protected] We know that you’re cool under pressure and never feel stressed ;) but something unfamiliar like the C. Students get plugged into the pre-med advising program as soon as they walk on campus, and they also have incredible opportunities including health-centered study abroad programs and hands-on research experiences. At $47,480, Penn State’s cost of attendance is astronomical. Schreyer Honors College staff are working remotely during standard business hours (Monday-Friday, 8 a. Anyone interview at PSU? For those of you that have interviewed at Penn State, do you guys have info for how the interview day went? Also it seems that if you're IS and get an interview you have a 50% chance of getting in, can anyone confirm?. To that end, the General Education program extends the concept of flexibility to all aspects of the degree program. The Palmer Museum of Art at Penn State has announced a full slate of engaging virtual programs for the summer. How much is enough? As usual here on the OldPreMeds Podcast, we're taking this week's question directly from the Nontrad Premed Forum and answering it to help you on your journey to becoming a physician. Definitely go to the main campus if you can. r/premed: A wholesome environment for pre-medical students to post links and have discussions with each other. Through these institutions and organizations, the AAMC serves the leaders of America’s medical schools and teaching hospitals and their more than 173,000 full-time faculty members, 89,000 medical students, 129,000 resident physicians, and more than 60,000 graduate students and postdoctoral researchers in the biomedical sciences. In 1963, The M. This tells you how competitive the school is and how serious their requirements are. Penn State College of Medicine offers 10-week summer research programs for undergraduate college students interested in pursuing careers in biomedical sciences research. Purdue University Undergraduate Majors. Other Penn State colleges and campuses may require the First-Year Seminar; colleges and campuses that do not require a First-Year Seminar provide students with a first-year engagement experience. Specialists earn more ($316,000), primary care less. Phone +1 (814) 865-5471 Fax +1 (814) 863-7590 Email [email protected] Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine. After four amazing days with the Cultural Connections pre-orientation program, I met my three new suitemates. i think the title was "how easy should college be" a few of the current upperclassmen and recent graduates tried to describe the academic atmosphere (how hard classes are, how much competition there is) and they gave some advice. The Premedicine major gives you the freedom to tailor the program to meet your needs and interests, by permitting a generous number of supporting courses, including courses that aren’t required in the major. You can earn a professional or liberal arts graduate certificate online or on campus. ' If I told you that you could get an MCAT score between 5-14 and still be accepted to medical school, would you believe me? More than. State of the Art Research. Penn will review self-reported SAT and ACT test scores from first-year applications attending high schools in the United States. ) as background material. Ohio State has a lot to offer when it comes to different majors, but by far the worst major at Ohio State is pre-med. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that is brought on by memories of an extremely stressful event or series of events that cause intense fear, particularly if feelings of helplessness accompanied the fear. Faculty, Staff, & Students. If you are admitted to Penn, then you are expected to enroll. The department receives guidance from members of the Accounting Advisory Board on matters related to strategic direction, curriculum, and career guidance for students. Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus can be found in University Park, PA, a public college which focuses on only a select few programs offered. Graduates, families and friends will be invited back for in-person celebrations when public health guidelines allow for large gatherings. While pre-med isn't exactly a major, many universities offer a track that'll prepare you for med school. These courses have been approved as General Education Humanities courses. (Maximum 75 words). Our heritage is the cornerstone for our future and the legacy which supports our pursuit of the highest standards in education, research, and patient care. , or Canadian college or university. on Wednesday, Oct. Share All sharing options for: BGN Debates: Eagles vs. Our Society welcomes all students engaged in the pursuit of a professional development, provides a forum for students with common interests, and extends a program of service. Most incoming students receive some form of financial aid, and the average award is $6,644. College/University Primary Campus/College Date of Agreement Notes; Bucks County Community College: Abington College : 1/1/99: Bucks County Community College (BCCC) and Penn State Abington College set forth the conditions upon which students admitted into an Associate of Arts (A. We won't just learn WHAT is inside your body, but. In some ways, Robiskie is a forgotten great of LSU football. It's also home to a diverse group of the best and brightest people in the world: dedicated faculty. Become a Penn Pre Med. Please contact us at [email protected] Human Physiology This is a class I took in college, and it has proven to be one of the most useful classes for me in medical school. Good starter schools: Miami Miller (500 words), Penn State (75 words) These two schools have pretty standard wording in their prompts, and they cover the maximum and minimum word count. The gap between you and better grades isn't your intelligence - it's your study habits. 1) good place to do premed- dean singer (premed advisor) is awesome! it doesn't have the competitive feel, tho premed classes are still tough 2) Duke administration SUX! they try to squeeze every dime outta ya! 3) Minority life at duke is not so good. I know I will probably not get any scholarships so yeah. I cannot count the number of students I've met who have a story to tell about their GPA. Penn State College of Medicine. Penn State World Campus offers master's degrees online to help you advance your career. An ACT or SAT exam may be required before applying to this school. Congratulations to Prof. Penn State Pre-Medical Society. The blue book held the descriptions of all the courses offered in the. Wharton is a Penn school, and sure, sometimes it bothers us that the Wharton brand is so strong while the Penn brand is still sort of confusing to a lot of people, but whatever. In today's episode, Ryan talks with Dr. At $47,480, Penn State’s cost of attendance is astronomical. CBN is perfect for pre-med and her odds of making it to med school from there are actually greater than from biology. Can any current/past students tell me about the science classes at PSU? I know they're not easy classes and they take a lot of hard work to do well in but I was wondering what resources are available to students in these classes (ex. Bows and Toes “We would be berated and asked seemingly endless questions about our fraternity history…all while balancing on our elbows and toes. Please contact us at [email protected] Medicine Preprofessional Program The Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree is a professional degree program that requires first completing an undergraduate degree. We are committed to making our websites accessible to all users, and welcome comments or suggestions on access improvements. Learn more about our online undergraduate and graduate programs. He was a graduate of Penn State and attended the University of Pennsylvania pre-med post-baccalaureate program. Let’s take a look. Penn State summer commencement to be held via virtual ceremony 🎓. This tells you how competitive the school is and how serious their requirements are. Penn State College of Medicine is committed to developing tomorrow's diverse group of humanistic, systems-thinking physicians who will serve people in times of health and in times of illness. Additional details can be found on the Penn State Undergraduate Bulletin General Education with Level Equivalent: An incoming course that fulfills a general education requirement and meets an academic level (XFRGA0, XFRGH1, XFRGN2, XFRGS3, XFRGA4, etc). We won't just learn WHAT is inside your body, but. For instance, the college that I am in, most of the majors do not have many, if any, entrance to major requirements besides a third semester standing and a 2. The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Penn State invites applications for one or more tenure-track assistant, associate or full professor appointments in the area of eukaryotic gene regulation. Penn houses literally hundreds of biological and biomedical laboratories on its campus. degree in Premedical-Medical is awarded after completion of 97 Penn State credits and successful completion of the first year of the standard curriculum at SKMC Jefferson Medical College. Any ranking system is created from a series of assumptions. , 203-432-0818) for information regarding specific schools. Students get plugged into the pre-med advising program as soon as they walk on campus, and they also have incredible opportunities including health-centered study abroad programs and hands-on research experiences. Howard Victor Keen was born on March 16, 1899, to Howard O. Phone +1 (814) 865-5471 Fax +1 (814) 863-7590 Email [email protected] In order to help you boost your GPA, OneClass has compiled a list of 10 of the easiest classes at Penn State. We are analyzing tree-ring width and stable isotopes of the tree rings to reconstruct climate, and Larch responses to climate change, over the past century as the temperature in Mongolia has risen. Hi fellow non-Americans,As noncitizens, we face greater difficulty than. The Department of Philosophy at Ohio State affirms its support of the local and global protests against police brutality, systemic racism, and the killing of Black Americans. It includes metrics for course difficulty and quality, professor quality, and more. - same price as Penn - not really sure what the residency merger will do to DO students (I'm very interested in anesthesiology) - rotation sites seem very shaky. Acceptance rate of Penn State grads to med school is 60% (65% of just the juniors in a given cycle, 70% of pre-med majors). This is an opportunity for Penn to learn a little more about you, and for you to learn a little more about Penn. I literally just left Penn after completing my undergrad. 34% of Penn State Main Campus students received grant aid in 2014/2015. Dave Onorato, left, Bobby Howe and Dan Clark dig in for their tickets in the junior section. The Penn State College of Medicine is part of one of the leading academic medical centers in the country. Pre-Medical Program The Pre-Medical Program at West Chester University prepares students for acceptance into the health professional schools of their choice including: medicine (allopathic or osteopathic), dentistry, optometry, podiatry, and veterinary medicine; physician and pathology assistant programs. The Palmer Museum of Art at Penn State has announced a full slate of engaging virtual programs for the summer. Penn State's Board of Trustees approved tuition rates and mandatory fees for 2019-20 on July 18, 2019. degrees online that complement your interests and career goals — from traditional liberal arts to technical specializations. April 2008. Whichever of those 3 is the best fit for you. However, UVA does have a higher-than-average acceptance rate of 30%, and accepts students who primarily possess a GPA of 3. High School Achievement. In the Penn-specific essay, be precise when explaining both why you are applying to Penn and why you have chosen to apply to that specific undergraduate school. Penn is committed to maintaining a safe campus and workplace for faculty, students, staff, and visitors. A Message from the Department Head Our department offers a rich variety of opportunities and resources. Hershey Medical Center, which is a part of Penn State Health's multi-hospital health system. " He beat the great Penn State team, and a club considered one of the best the Naval Academy ever put on the field. All the while, I would be actively building on my high school extracurricular experience at Penn. Phone: 814. These are the secondary application essay prompts for Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine. Penn State Coronavirus Updates ×. Penn State offers hundreds of courses online every summer. As a Penn State student, faculty, or staff member, a variety of software is available to you at reduced cost or at no additional cost. Whether one is studying at University Park or abroad, CAMS at Penn State features a traditional humanistic education, intimate access to faculty of international prominence, and state-of-the-art. Penn State secondary question (self. I'm trying to decide whether to major in Biology on the Pre-Med Program or major in Computer Science/Engineering with a minor in Business. Total DO Applicants, 2017 - 2018 = -. UChicago also has most likely matched most peers in terms of grade inflation (save for a few schools that hyper-inflate, like Brown and Yale). The courses you take at Penn State provide excellent preparation for the health care professions. Community College courses are acceptable, provided that the courses include laboratory work and are comparable in content to courses at four-year colleges, universities, or institutes of technology. Accelerated Premedical-Medical Program (BS/MD) Earn a BS and an MD in 7 years. For our 28th edition, we surveyed 140,000 students from across the country so we can tell you which college has the best food, best career services, happiest students, and more. Penn State has made the decision to suspend all fall 2020 semester-long study abroad programming. 433 First Avenue New York, NY 10010. Penn houses literally hundreds of biological and biomedical laboratories on its campus. Our heritage is the cornerstone for our future and the legacy which supports our pursuit of the highest standards in education, research, and patient care. Extracurricular activities: 4 years TKD and Aikido Clubs (leadership positions in both), member of minority pre-med club, inducted Psi Chi Employment history: 3 semesters STEM tutor, 4 semesters computer lab user assistant; Gap years: nearly 3 years working in private education teaching kids with learning difficulties and/or disabilities to. Application Information for Transfer Students. I go to Penn State for undergrad and they have a program that if your in their top honors college you can apply to their early decision program. Penn InTouch is normally available 24/7 except to allow for system maintenance between 3:00 AM and 6:00 AM on Mondays. Click the HelpText or see Section 8 of the AMCAS Applicant Guide for suggestions of things to think about when writing this essay. Can any current/past students tell me about the science classes at PSU? I know they're not easy classes and they take a lot of hard work to do well in but I was wondering what resources are available to students in these classes (ex. The research paper on history was delivered on time. Anyone interview at PSU? For those of you that have interviewed at Penn State, do you guys have info for how the interview day went? Also it seems that if you're IS and get an interview you have a 50% chance of getting in, can anyone confirm?. The six-module MD curriculum integrates basic sciences and clinical experience from day one. AARDSMA GDM 111208 22356. 18 Jun 8 p. With a layout straight outta the '90s and an infinite array of subreddits on any topic, it can be a bit overwhelming. 22-year-old Betsy returned to Penn State early from Thanksgiving break to do research for an English paper. Penn State College of Medicine. Get easily MBA degree education information for all people in supporting a better career. Keen paced the college nine with twelve victories as a freshman in 1919, leading his team to what was billed as the "southern championship. Premed students majoring in MB&B must be aware of how medical schools will treat their AP credit. Some people want a small town feel while others want to be closer to Philadelphia and Pittsburgh (see link for a map of the. Its tuition for in-state students is $30,940 and for out-of-state students is. Founded in 1855 as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania, Penn State conducts teaching, research, and public service. Premed Volunteer Program; Junior Volunteer Program; Volunteer Programs at Pennsylvania Hospital The people who volunteer at Pennsylvania Hospital are caring, dedicated and committed. Penn State Abington is a public college located in Abington Township, Pennsylvania in the Philadelphia Area. She walked to the library around 4pm with her roommate, Sharon. edu or call (814) 863-2635 if you need assistance. The awarded credit may apply as general credit, may count as credit for a particular course and/or requirement, or may allow you to advance to the next in a series of courses or take an honors-level course. Please contact us at [email protected] Another "weed out course" for both pre-med students and engineers alike. It’s a good exercise to write a long-form and a short-form version of any secondary essay, and then use them as the building blocks for other schools. Events View All Events. Penn State freshman Neha Gupta has had quite a year, but she finds her altruism far from over. Penn State - MD school - Same price as VCOM even though I would be out of state - closer to home - only have to take USMLE - Pass/Fail - no attendance requirement. Share All sharing options for: BGN Debates: Eagles vs. The blue book held the descriptions of all the courses offered in the. Share photos and videos, send messages and get updates. Medicine Preprofessional Program The Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree is a professional degree program that requires first completing an undergraduate degree. Schreyer Honors College staff are working remotely during standard business hours (Monday-Friday, 8 a. 24 W (princeton doesnt see freshmen grades for gpa so my weighted goes up to 4. Health services and programs being used by post-9/11 veterans. Christopher Kirchhof, Coordinator of Transfer Student Services, Selected as NACADA Mentor for 2020-2022 Class of Emerging Leaders. He was a former district manager for Pepsi-Cola Co. In his speech, Heaton called upon the Class of 2022 to challenge themselves every day, as well as hold each other accountable as a class. Participants will be working directly with prescription and over-the-counter drug users to evaluate. Prehealth and Health Professions Advising is available to any Penn State student who wants to explore, prepare, and apply for training in a health profession career. This award was established to honor the memory of Jack Bartlett by supporting graduate students in psychology during the conduct of their dissertation research. ” – dirtynicker. Reddit Premed Essay Help, why i want a scholarship essay, why scarcity is important in economics essay, essay on personal narrative. Harrisburg is also the second. Wake Forest School of Medicine -Open to all applicants- Albany. Summer Undergraduate Research Programs. idk to count that towards gpa but its. He walked away from LSU as the school's all-time leading rusher, only to see his records smashed by his backfield partner, Charles Alexander. 4 who get into great med schools, and I think the only people from Penn who don't get accepted have really low GPAs (like 3. " Michigan State begins accepting applications in August, but rolling admissions doesn't kick in until January 31. "Pre-med" majors at other institutions are repackaged biology degrees. Edward Chang. Get your blue and white gear on and head to the miles of. Tutoring List. This site is maintained by The Penn State Undergraduate Admissions Office. I think that the pre-med advising department is a good place to start. Application Process. University of Kentucky - Lexington, Ky. It is home to the top medical school in the country, is settled among numerous medical facilities, and offers different groups and mentorship options for pre-med. Always double check the Medical programs websites for the specific school’s requirements. The Penn State Eberly College of Science's Health Professions Advising Office is an additional resource for information about the application process. Penn Abroad is committed to making its global opportunities financially accessible to all students. I didn't have a stellar SAT score (English is my second language; I did not do well on SAT I Reading, but I had a close to perfect score on Writing) But I did something that ( I think ) got me in: a). Let's take a look. UMD is actively monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic and providing regular updates to our community. The IU Office of Scholarships provides information about scholarship opportunities for incoming and current IU students. Also what other schools in PA are strong and relatively competitive other than Trump. To that end, the General Education program extends the concept of flexibility to all aspects of the degree program. bluedevilmike 11870 replies 94 threads Senior Member. The easiest way to understand the medical school requirements for GPA and MCAT scores is to use the medical school search tool - because medical schools don't advertise their initial screening criteria, looking at the distribution of scores for accepted students gives an idea of competitiveness. Keen paced the college nine with twelve victories as a freshman in 1919, leading his team to what was billed as the "southern championship. [At Penn State, you can now access class notes within 24 hours of the lecture] 1. I had no problems with grammar. 4624 Student Organizations [email protected] By: Ryan Kelly Who wouldn’t want to go to medical school at UCLA? Top-ranked, exceptional match list, nearby beaches (not that you’ll have time to frequent them during medical school). Beat 1000's of premed students and learn about top pre med schools. Students who started at Penn State before Summer 2018 are under the rules of the previous program. I'm currently a freshman at LDS Business College in Utah and will be transferring to the University of Utah soon. Quality pre-med schools all have academic strengths in fields such as biology, chemistry, neuroscience, and psychology, as well as excellent advising programs for students seeking medical careers. We know that you’re cool under pressure and never feel stressed ;) but something unfamiliar like the C. Phone +1 (814) 865-5471 Fax +1 (814) 863-7590 Email [email protected] They will help put you on the right path. (The algorithm that selects files for human readers doesn't even factor major or college). According to MedScape, the average physician salary is $294,000. Pre-Health students usually take PHYS 114/115/116, including the separate labs (PHYS 117/118/119). Penn State College of Medicine. r/premed: A wholesome environment for pre-medical students to post links and have discussions with each other. Penn is committed to maintaining a safe campus and workplace for faculty, students, staff, and visitors. Penn’s Pre-Health Post-Baccalaureate Programs provide students a wide array of opportunities to jumpstart their training and careers in the medical, veterinary, and dental fields. I think you will find the Department of Chemistry at Penn State to be an exceptionally exciting, welcoming, and inclusive place and we hope that you can visit and explore the many opportunities here. The University reserves the right to change, modify, or correct any information contained herein without prior notice, at any time. The online gallery talks and art-making activities are among the latest digital and educational initiatives offered by the museum as it prepares to reopen in the fall. Premedditors. What are Post Baccalaureate and Special Masters Programs? Post-baccalaureate programs are typically designed for students who already have a bachelors degree in a non-science field and wish to take or retake the prerequisites courses required for their intended professional school (Medical, Pharmacy, Optometry, etc. Medical School Statistics for NonResident Interview Rates. 22-year-old Betsy returned to Penn State early from Thanksgiving break to do research for an English paper. Siberian Larch, taken at our field site near Lake Khovsgol in north-central Mongolia. They chose 5 people per year for this and then you would not have to take the mcat. With an acceptance rate of 9. Incoming Graduate Student Class 2020. University of Pennsylvania Career Services Twitter Facebook Instagram YouTube Pinterest McNeil Building Suite 20 3718 Locust Walk Philadelphia, PA 19104 (215) 898-7531 [email protected] In his speech, Heaton called upon the Class of 2022 to challenge themselves every day, as well as hold each other accountable as a class. Harvard, though, has a number of invaluable resources for pre-med students. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. You also have the opportunity to complete the first two years of more than 275+ baccalaureate degree programs offered by Penn State. To put your best foot forward and maximize your chance of an interview invitation, visit our secondary application editing page. The University of Delaware is a diverse institution of higher learning, fostering excellence in research. The gap between you and better grades isn't your intelligence - it's your study habits. After four amazing days with the Cultural Connections pre-orientation program, I met my three new suitemates. Faculty Spotlight Kushol Gupta. Phone +1 (814) 865-5471 Fax +1 (814) 863-7590 Email [email protected] Empower yourself with knowledge Academic programs at WSU span more than 200 fields. In order to register as an official club at Penn State, they had to write up a constitution, set positions, find a room for meetings, recruit members (you need at least 10 people. Recruited athletes and students attending high schools outside of the U. Yale Physician Assistant Online (Yale PA Online) is advancing the physician assistant (PA) profession by educating highly proficient PAs. Let's assume that the average pre-med earns about $40,000 a year in salary at whatever entry level position they can get. An applicant’s affiliation with Penn, either by being children or grandchildren of alumni, is given the most consideration through Early Decision. I was a Division I athlete throughout college and was interested in anatomy and physiology, but I didn’t have the time to take the pre-med requirements as an undergraduate. NUC E 431W: Nuclear Reactor Core Design Synthesis. Up-to-date premed information for University of Pennsylvania which is ranked as one of the top 75 Premed MD & DO feeder schools for the 2018-2020 application cycles by MedEdits Medical Admissions. Office of Student Research. This Catalog is intended to provide general information about the University of Pennsylvania and is accurate as of May 2020. These courses are described in the Penn State Law Courses section and Dickinson Law Courses section. Clermont received her undergraduate degree from The University of Dayton, OH in Pre-med. Volunteer/Service Work. Penn is committed to maintaining a safe campus and workplace for faculty, students, staff, and visitors. Siberian Larch, taken at our field site near Lake Khovsgol in north-central Mongolia. With a layout straight outta the ’90s and an infinite array of subreddits on any topic, it can be a bit overwhelming. Top 20 Best Pre Med Colleges Pre-medical, or pre med school is an educational track that prepares undergraduate students to apply to med school and pursue medical degrees at the graduate level. The Best 385 Colleges: 2020 Edition is here. Penn State has made the decision to suspend all fall 2020 semester-long study abroad programming. The Premedicine major gives you the freedom to tailor the program to meet your needs and interests, by permitting a generous number of supporting courses, including courses that aren't required in the major. I'm currently a freshman at LDS Business College in Utah and will be transferring to the University of Utah soon. Students declare a major in the middle of the sophomore year and, at that time, select the campus at which they plan to finish their studies in their junior and senior years. by phone and online in case you need support: (215) 898-7326 or [email protected] Wake Forest School of Medicine –Open to all applicants– Albany. I've been trying to make this decision for about six months now and still can't decide. Keep in mind, the national average acceptance rate is about 40%, and penn state is well above average to many other schools!!!!. Penn State Berks students enrolled in the course “The Rhetoric of American Horror Films” encountered a new twist in this year’s syllabus. Edward Chang. Tutoring List. University of Vermont College of Medicine Roughly 90% of the students they interview are not from Vermont. If you’re interested in a premed path, you should seek out summer activities that allow you to further explore these pursuits. Schreyer Honors College staff are working remotely during standard business hours (Monday-Friday, 8 a. Its tuition for in-state students is $30,940 and for out-of-state students is. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that is brought on by memories of an extremely stressful event or series of events that cause intense fear, particularly if feelings of helplessness accompanied the fear. Admissions Rate: 49. Press J to jump to the feed. Students will complete the medical degree in three years followed by residency training at Penn State in their chosen. Download your order from your personal area on the website. degrees through this cooperative Premedical-Medical program. premed) submitted 2 years ago by MCATboner69 Struggling a bit with the "tell us about a time you had to navigate a complex system" question. Penn State | College of Academic Plans for Premed Students Entering Before Summer 2018 Biomedical Engineering Premed with Biochemical Option. ) and are available to assist Scholars with any questions or concerns. Students starting at Penn State Summer 2018 and later, visit the University Bulletin for Suggested Academic Plans of each major. (GARY DWIGHT MILLER/The Patriot-News). To declare a major varies by the college and the major. The Department of Psychology at Penn State's University Park campus is part of the College of the Liberal Arts. It can be for the right student. Stritch School of Medicine - Loyola University Chicago. Ø Saint Louis University’s 4 year Pre-Medical curriculum provides a foundation in the courses required for med school. Phone: 212-998-5300. The Penn State Abington acceptance rate is 85%. COVID-19 Update: For the health and safety of our prospective students and our Penn alumni interviewers, all admissions interviews will be hosted in a virtual format for the 2020-2021 application process. edu Hours 8:30AM - 4:30PM EST, M-F. Whether one is studying at University Park or abroad, CAMS at Penn State features a traditional humanistic education, intimate access to faculty of international prominence, and state-of-the-art. 4624 Student Organizations [email protected] The professor, Samuel Richards, is basically a legend on campus. Sample Academic Plans for BME Premed Students. However, as my athletic career started to wind down, the option of doing a postbaccalaureate program made pursuing medicine an obtainable goal. "Pre-med" majors at other institutions are repackaged biology degrees. Obviously this depends on your talent, your school, your time management, etc. Follow the link to learn all about the MCAT. The Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies (CAMS) is the hub at Penn State for the study of the ancient Mediterranean world. The list outlines the exact course credit you will receive at Penn State for the score received on the exam. Most incoming students receive some form of financial aid, and the average award is $6,644. The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Penn State invites applications for one or more tenure-track assistant, associate or full professor appointments in the area of eukaryotic gene regulation. Racism, Justice, and Community The Honors College is a community built on shared respect and responsibility. 0 GPA in a pre-med program, so it's safe to say the punter devotes. Penn has a proud tradition of translating knowledge into social-minded action that dates back to our founder, Benjamin Franklin. Adriana Discher HSOC'21 featured in Penn Today. These requirements apply to all students who are interested in pursuing a degree at Penn State. Tour our state-of-the-art facilities Hear presentations on topics including global health, community service, dual-degree programs, and the curriculum Engage with our current students, faculty, and staff to experience the collaborative culture and community at UT Southwestern Medical School. 24 W (princeton doesnt see freshmen grades for gpa so my weighted goes up to 4. #6: Duke Not only is Duke one of the best universities in the nation, it also offers a robust pre-med program. Here’s a fuller look at Penn State tuition and financial aid in 2017: Total budget: $47,480; Average financial aid package: $6,644; The average student debt of a Penn State graduate is $37,213. The Physician Assistant Program is committed to increasing the number of physician assistants of African-American, Latino, and other ethnic backgrounds, whose communities have historically been under-served. The Penn State-Jefferson Premedical-Medical (PMM) is an accelerated BS/MD program where admitted undergraduates study at Penn State followed by admission to the Sidney Kimmel Medical College (SKMC) College of Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. We remain open and are available to answer any questions you may have. Through a study abroad program this spring, rising HSOC senior Adriana Discher of Philadelphia learned about health care, societal inequities, and pandemic response in the United States, Vietnam, South Africa, and Argentina. Offering an array of programs for medical education, physician assistants, graduate students and more, the College offers all the training and experience students need to be successful. While this balance will vary with the background and interests of the individual, it is expected that applicants will have exposed themselves to course work in the humanities, behavioral sciences, and liberal arts as well as premedical sciences. Please contact us at [email protected] With its flagship campus in West Lafayette, Indiana, Purdue is a land-grant university with a system that has statewide campuses and online, adult-learning and polytechnic programs. Every pre-med needs to have a Plan B. Here are Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine's secondary questions. Penn State has made the decision to suspend all fall 2020 semester-long study abroad programming. This tells you how competitive the school is and how serious their requirements are. r/premed: A wholesome environment for pre-medical students to post links and have discussions with each other. Penn State Behrend offers more than 40 bachelor's and associate degrees plus pre-professional programs and a range of minors and certificates to customize your studies. [email protected] Wharton is a Penn school, and sure, sometimes it bothers us that the Wharton brand is so strong while the Penn brand is still sort of confusing to a lot of people, but whatever. edu or call (814) 863-2635 if you need assistance. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Penn researchers, led by Michael Mitchell, Skirkanich Assistant Professor of Innovation of Bioengineering in the School of Engineering and Applied Science and Margaret Billingsley, a graduate student in his lab, have demonstrated a new engineering technique that, because it is less toxic to the T cells, could. This is literally a course on the design and operation of nuclear reactors. Academic Plans: Premed Students Entering Penn State After Summer 2018 Biomedical Engineering Premed with Biochemical Option ACADEMIC PLAN FOR BME PREMED WITH BIOCHEMICAL OPTION. Welcome to TCNJ. By Delece Smith-Barrow , Staff Writer Jan. There is no minimum GPA requirement. The purpose of this newsletter is to inform Penn State students regarding events, programs, research, and news related to premedicine and prehealth interests and issues. 24 W (princeton doesnt see freshmen grades for gpa so my weighted goes up to 4. - same price as Penn - not really sure what the residency merger will do to DO students (I'm very interested in anesthesiology) - rotation sites seem very shaky. (Pre-law and pre-med students are okay. states, plus the District of Columbia, are represented. This net price includes housing and meal expenses. Students are urged to contact the Yale Premedical Advisory Program (1 Hillhouse Ave. Let’s take a look. Articles and resources for adding valuable activities (ex: research, shadowing, EMT work, medical scribing) to help build your premed profile. In some ways, Robiskie is a forgotten great of LSU football. My D was admitted to the bio program at TCNJ. NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing. Pre-med senior here at penn state. He was a graduate of Penn State and attended the University of Pennsylvania pre-med post-baccalaureate program. Building a Better World Since 1882 Virginia State University, founded in 1882, is one of Virginia's two land-grant institutions, and is located 20 minutes south of Richmond in the village of Ettrick. ) and are available to assist Scholars with any questions or concerns.